Pitfalls and specifications of radiotherapy treatment in prostate cancer
External Beam Radiotherapy treatment involves high energy x-ray beams to the whole prostate gland, sometimes including areas around it. The main aim of the EBTR is to treat the cancer cells, including any cells that are already spread the area outside the prostate. The advantage is that the cancer cells cannot recover from this damage and die but the healthy cells can repair themselves easily.
Radiotherapy treatment is painless and through the new technology as IMRT, VMAT, STEREOTACTIC can have very good prognosis for most of the prostate patients. The daily treatment sessions last only for about ten minutes and the patient does not need to stay in hospital.
Although there are a lot of advantages, there are some pitfalls during radiotherapy treatment, such us bowel, urinary, erection problems and tiredness. Moreover, radiotherapy is not able to kill all the cancer cells that cannot be seen on imaging scans.